Insurance Institute for Highway Safety

by Admin on November 12, 2013

You see Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) safety ratings throughout the the automotive industry. Here is a little of information on what all of this means for you, the car buyer. This organization looks at every vehicle on the market and evaluates its safety features.

The IIHS is an independent, nonprofit scientific and educational organization which has pledged to reducing the losses such as deaths, injuries and property damage, from crashes on the roads. They do this by taking scientific studies of insurance data representing the human and economic losses resulting from the ownership and operations of different types of vehicles.

They look at things from airbags to safety belts, teenage drivers, neck injuries and child safety. For example lets take a look at how the IIHS has targeted airbags. Airbags are one of the most important safety innovations. They provide crucial cushioning for people during a crash. The devices are normally hidden from view but inflate instantly when a crash begins. Thanks to the advocacy of IIHS, frontal airbags have been required in all new passenger vehicles since the 1999 model year.

The IIHS gives Top Safety Pick awards to those vehicles who receive good ratings in the moderate overlap front, side, roof strength and head restraint tests, regardless of its rating in the small overlap front test. To determine crashworthiness — how well a vehicle protects its occupants in a crash — IIHS rates vehicles good, acceptable, marginal or poor based on performance in five tests: moderate overlap front, small overlap front, side, roof strength and head restraints. A frontal crash is the most common type of crash resulting in fatalities. Major strides have been made in frontal protection, thanks to the crashworthiness evaluations that IIHS began in 1995.

Next time you are looking for a new vehicle, be sure to check the safety features. The IIHS is a great rating system to help you figure out which vehicles will keep you and your passenger safe and sound.

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